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Type: Journal article
Title: Paediatric sleep-disordered breathing due to upper airway obstruction in the orthodontic setting: a review
Author: Katyal, V.
Kennedy, D.
Martin, A.
Dreyer, C.
Sampson, W.
Citation: Australian Orthodontic Journal, 2013; 29(2):184-192
Publisher: Australian Society of Orthodontists
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0587-3908
Statement of
Vandana Katyal, Declan Kennedy, James Martin, Craig Dreyer and Wayne Sampson
Abstract: The essential feature of paediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is increased upper airway resistance during sleep presenting clinically as snoring. Paediatric SDB is a continuum ranging from primary snoring (PS), which is not associated with gas exchange abnormalities or significant sleep fragmentation, to obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) with complete upper airway obstruction, hypoxaemia, and obstructive hypoventilation. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity and craniofacial disharmonies are important predisposing factors in the development and progression of paediatric SDB. Clinical symptoms are significant and domains affected include behaviour, neurocognition, cardiovascular morbidity and quality of life. Overnight polysomnography is the current diagnostic gold standard method to assess SDB severity while adenotonsillectomy is the recommended first line of treatment. Other treatments for managing paediatric SDB include nasal continuous airway pressure, the administration of nasal steroids, dentofacial orthopaedic treatment and surgery. However, there are insufficient long-term efficacy data using dentofacial orthopaedics to treat paediatric SDB. Further studies are warranted to define the characteristics of patients who may benefit most from orthodontic treatment.
Keywords: Humans
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Airway Obstruction
Disease Progression
Risk Factors
Orthodontics, Corrective
Rights: © Australian Society of Orthodontists Inc. 2013
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