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Type: Thesis
Title: Holomorphic flexibility properties of complements and mapping spaces.
Author: Hanysz, Alexander
Issue Date: 2013
School/Discipline: School of Mathematical Sciences
Abstract: The classical Oka principle in complex analysis is a heuristic, supported by theorems of Oka, Grauert and others, to the effect that certain holomorphically defined problems involving Stein manifolds have only topological obstructions to their solution. Gromov’s influential 1989 paper on the Oka principle introduced the class of so-called elliptic manifolds, and gave an Oka principle for maps from Stein manifolds into elliptic manifolds. More recently, Forstneric and Lárusson have introduced the category of Oka manifolds and Oka maps, which fit naturally into an abstract homotopy-theoretic framework; every elliptic manifold in Gromov’s sense is also an Oka manifold. Examples of Oka manifolds are complex Lie groups and their homogeneous spaces (which are also elliptic); the complement in Pn of an algebraic subvariety of codimension at least 2; Hirzebruch surfaces; and more generally any fibre bundle whose base and fibre are Oka. The Oka property can be thought of as a sort of anti-hyperbolicity; the notion of Kobayashi hyperbolicity expresses a type of holomorphic rigidity, and conversely, Oka manifolds are those that enjoy a high degree of holomorphic flexibility. Other flexibility properties enjoyed by Oka manifolds include strong dominability: for every Oka manifold X and every p ∈ X there exists a holomorphic map Cn → X which maps 0 to p and is a submersion at 0; and C-connectedness: every pair of points can be joined by an entire curve. The aim of this thesis is to provide new examples of Oka manifolds, and to shed light on the relationship between the Oka property and other types of holomorphic flexibility. Naturally occurring candidates for examples include complements of hypersurfaces in Pn, especially low-degree or non-algebraic hypersurfaces (in contrast with Kobayashi’s conjecture that the complement of a generic high-degree hypersurface should be hyperbolic), and spaces of holomorphic maps. This thesis contains three chapters. The first chapter outlines the historical development of Oka theory, gives an overview of the remaining chapters, and suggests some directions for future research. Chapter 2 is a paper entitled Oka properties of some hypersurface complements, to appear in Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society. There are two main results: a characterisation of when a complement in Pn of hyperplanes is Oka, and the result that the complement of the affine graph of a meromorphic function is Oka, subject to some restrictions. The proof of the second result involves an extension to Gromov’s technique of localisation of algebraic subellipticity. Chapter 3 is a paper entitled Holomorphic flexibility properties of the space of cubic rational maps. Define Rd to be the space of rational functions of degree d on the Riemann sphere. Geometric invariant theory can be used to explore the structure of Rd: the Möbius group acts on Rd by precomposition and postcomposition. The two-sided action on R₂ is transitive, implying that R₂ is an Oka manifold. The action on R₃ has C as its categorical quotient; Section 3.4 gives an explicit formula for the quotient map and describes its structure in some detail. Furthermore, R₃ is strongly dominable and C-connected.
Advisor: Larusson, Finnur
Buchdahl, Nicholas
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Mathematical Sciences, 2013
Keywords: pure mathematics; complex geometry; Oka principle; Oka manifold; Stein manifold; hyperbolic manifold; rational function
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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