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Type: Thesis
Title: Regulation of carbon catabolite repression in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans.
Author: Georgakopoulos, Paraskevi
Issue Date: 2012
School/Discipline: School of Molecular and Biomedical Science
Abstract: In Aspergillus nidulans, acetate is a repressing carbon source that leads to similar levels of CreA mediated repression as glucose. acdX was identified in a mutation screen in Aspergillus nidulans to identify genes involved in acetate repression but not in glucose repression. The conservation of the amino acid sequence of AcdX of A. nidulans and Spt8 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggests that the SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5-Acetyltransferase) complex may have a role in acetate repression in A. nidulans, since Spt8 is a component of the SAGA complex. We also made mutations in sptC, homologous to the yeast SAGA component gene SPT3, which show a similar phenotype to the acdX mutants. The SAGA complex is highly conserved from yeast to humans. In yeast it is involved mostly in the regulation of highly regulated genes that respond to environmental stresses, such as metabolic starvation, DNA damage and heat. SAGA in yeast has been shown to have positive and negative functions on transcription. Bioinformatic analysis indicates that the components of the SAGA complex are also present in A. nidulans. CreA has been shown to repress the expression of the alc regulon, which is required for the ethanol utilization pathway. Although plate tests indicated that acdX and sptC null mutations led to derepressed alcohol dehydrogensed activity, RT-qPCR showed no derepression of alcA or aldA, but rather elevated induced levels. Our results indicate that acetate repression is due to repression via CreA together with metabolic changes, rather than due to an independent regulatory control mechanism. Furthermore experiments were undertaken to confirm the existence of the SAGA complex in A. nidulans. SptC was N terminally tagged with the TAP tag to allow the purification of the SAGA complex. Proteomic analysis indicates that the SAGA complex does exist in A.nidulans, although there are some differences, one of which is that it lacks the deubiquitinating subgroup.
Advisor: Kelly, Joan Maree
Timmis, Jeremy Newman
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, 2012
Keywords: acetate repression; SAGA complex; carbon catabolite repression; Spt8; Spt3
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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