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Type: Journal article
Title: The factorial invariance of the CES-D during adolescence: are symptom profiles for depression stable across gender and time?
Author: Verhoeven, M.
Sawyer, M.
Spence, S.
Citation: Journal of Adolescence, 2013; 36(1):181-190
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0140-1971
Statement of
Marjolein Verhoeven, Michael G. Sawyer and Susan H. Spence
Abstract: This study examined the factorial invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale (CES-D) across gender and time during adolescence. The factor structure of the CES-D was compared at four annual measurement waves in a community sample of 2650 Australian adolescents. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the factor structure of the CES-D was generally invariant across gender and time. However, gender differences were found on three items: for all waves the item 'I had crying spells' was a stronger indicator for depressive affect in females than males. On the final three waves the item 'people were unfriendly' loaded significantly higher on the factor 'Interpersonal Relations' for males than females. On Wave 2 and 3 males interpreted the item 'everything I did was an effort' with a positive connotation, whereas females interpret it with a negative association. These gender-differences are discussed from both a theoretical and a methodological perspective.
Keywords: Depression
factorial invariance
Rights: © 2012 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.10.007
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Paediatrics publications

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