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|Title:||Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+): game changer or just another quick fix?|
|Citation:||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2012; 1249(1):137-150|
|Publisher:||New York Acad Sciences|
|Oscar Venter and Lian Pin Koh|
|Abstract:||Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) provides financial compensation to land owners who avoid converting standing forests to other land uses. In this paper, we review the main opportunities and challenges for REDD+ implementation, including expectations for REDD+ to deliver on multiple environmental and societal cobenefits. We also highlight a recent case study, the Norway–Indonesia REDD+ agreement and discuss how it might be a harbinger of outcomes in other forest-rich nations seeking REDD+ funds. Looking forward, we critically examine the fundamental assumptions of REDD+ as a solution for the atmospheric buildup of greenhouse gas emissions and tropical deforestation. We conclude that REDD+ is currently the most promising mechanism driving the conservation of tropical forests. Yet, to emerge as a true game changer, REDD+ must still demonstrate that it can access low transaction cost and high-volume carbon markets or funds, while also providing or complimenting a suite of nonmonetary incentives to encourage a developing nation's transition from forest losing to forest gaining, and align with, not undermine, a globally cohesive attempt to mitigate anthropogenic climate change.|
|Keywords:||carbon payment scheme; biodiversity conservation; climate change; REDD; tropical deforestation|
|Rights:||© 2012 New York Academy of Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
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