Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82771
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Type: Journal article
Title: The relationship between resilience and personality traits in doctors: implications for enhancing well being
Author: Eley, D.
Cloninger, C.
Walters, L.
Laurence, C.
Synnott, R.
Wilkinson, D.
Citation: PeerJ, 2013; 2013(1):216-1-216-16
Publisher: PeerJ Ltd
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 2167-8359
2167-8359
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Diann S. Eley​, C. Robert Cloninger, Lucie Walters, Caroline Laurence, Robyn Synnott and David Wilkinson
Abstract: Objective. The health and well being of medical doctors is vital to their longevity and safe practice. The concept of resilience is recognised as a key component of well being and is an important factor in medical training to help doctors learn to cope with challenge, stress, and adversity. This study examined the relationship of resilience to personality traits and resilience in doctors in order to identify the key traits that promote or impair resilience. Methods. A cross sectional cohort of 479 family practitioners in practice across Australia was studied. The Temperament and Character Inventory measured levels of the seven basic dimensions of personality and the Resilience Scale provided an overall measure of resilience. The associations between resilience and personality were examined by Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients, controlling for age and gender (α = 0.05 with an accompanying 95% confidence level) and multiple regression analyses. Results. Strong to medium positive correlations were found between Resilience and Self-directedness (r = .614, p < .01), Persistence (r = .498, p < .01), and Cooperativeness (r = .363, p < .01) and negative with Harm Avoidance (r = .−555, p < .01). Individual differences in personality explained 39% of the variance in resilience [F(7, 460) = 38.40, p < .001]. The three traits which contributed significantly to this variance were Self-directedness (β = .33, p < .001), Persistence (β = .22, p < .001) and Harm Avoidance (β = .19, p < .001). Conclusion. Resilience was associated with a personality trait pattern that is mature, responsible, optimistic, persevering, and cooperative. Findings support the inclusion of resilience as a component of optimal functioning and well being in doctors. Strategies for enhancing resilience should consider the key traits that drive or impair it.
Keywords: Temperament; Resilience; Character; Well being; Doctors
Rights: © 2013 Eley et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0020134287
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.216
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP110100382
Appears in Collections:General Practice publications

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