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Type: Journal article
Title: Consider HIV: testing for HIV and HIV indicator diseases
Author: Bell, C.
Waddell, R.
Chynoweth, N.
Citation: Australian Family Physician, 2013; 42(8):568-571
Publisher: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0300-8495
Statement of
Charlotte Bell, Russell Waddell and Nicola Chynoweth
Abstract: Background: Since the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be considered a treatable condition. In Australia in 2010, 40% of people had their HIV diagnosed late, where late is defined as CD4 <350 cells/mm3 (CD4 normal range = 450-1 500 cells/mm3). This late diagnosis can significantly impact on prognosis. Objective: This article provides examples of late HIV diagnosis and an update of how and when to test for HIV in clinical practice. Discussion: While HIV is usually diagnosed in those with identifiable risk factors, awareness of indications to test and potential HIV indicator diseases can provide the general practitioner with a cue to offer testing to a patient. Early diagnosis of HIV offers benefits to the patient and the community.
Keywords: HIV infections; delayed diagnosis; risk assessment
Rights: © The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners 2013. All rights reserved. Requests for permission to reprint articles must be sent to
RMID: 0020135334
Published version:;dn=487198855503031;res=IELHEA
Appears in Collections:General Practice publications

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