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|Title:||Consider HIV: testing for HIV and HIV indicator diseases|
|Citation:||Australian Family Physician, 2013; 42(8):568-571|
|Publisher:||Royal Australian College of General Practitioners|
|Charlotte Bell, Russell Waddell and Nicola Chynoweth|
|Abstract:||Background: Since the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be considered a treatable condition. In Australia in 2010, 40% of people had their HIV diagnosed late, where late is defined as CD4 <350 cells/mm3 (CD4 normal range = 450-1 500 cells/mm3). This late diagnosis can significantly impact on prognosis. Objective: This article provides examples of late HIV diagnosis and an update of how and when to test for HIV in clinical practice. Discussion: While HIV is usually diagnosed in those with identifiable risk factors, awareness of indications to test and potential HIV indicator diseases can provide the general practitioner with a cue to offer testing to a patient. Early diagnosis of HIV offers benefits to the patient and the community.|
|Keywords:||HIV infections; delayed diagnosis; risk assessment|
|Rights:||© The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners 2013. All rights reserved. Requests for permission to reprint articles must be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Appears in Collections:||General Practice publications|
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