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Type: Journal article
Title: Skin colour is associated with periodontal disease in Brazilian adults: a population-based oral health survey
Author: De Anselmo Peres, M.
Antunes, J.
Boing, A.
Glazer De Anselmo Peres, K.
Bastos, J.
Citation: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 2007; 34(3):196-201
Publisher: Blackwell Munksgaard
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0303-6979
Statement of
Marco Aurélio Peres, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Antonio Fernando Boing, Karen Glazer Peres and João Luiz Dornelles Bastos
Abstract: Aim: To estimate the prevalence of periodontal disease in Brazilian adults and to test its association with skin colour after controlling for socio-demographic variables. Methods: The periodontal status of 11,342 Brazilian adults was informed by a nationwide oral health survey. Socio-demographic variables included skin colour, gender, schooling, per capita income, age and geographical region. The association between periodontal disease and skin colour was tested by a logistic regression model, adjusting for covariates. Interactions between skin colour and socio-demographic variables were tested. Results: The prevalence of periodontal diseases was 9.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 7.6–10.3]. Lighter-skinned black people (pardos) and dark-skinned black people (pretos) presented higher levels of periodontal disease when compared with white people [odds ratio (OR)=1.5; 95% CI 1.2; 1.8; OR=1.6; 95% CI 1.2; 2.1, respectively] even after controlling for age, gender, schooling, per capita income and geographic region. No interactions were statistically significant. Conclusion: Skin colour was significantly associated with periodontal disease among Brazilian adults after adjustment for socio-economic and demographic covariates.
Keywords: Brazil; epidemiology; inequalities in health; periodontitis; skin colour; socioeconomic factors
Rights: © 2007 The Authors
RMID: 0020125579
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.01043.x
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