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Type: Journal article
Title: Removal of ammonia from producer gas in biomass gasification: integration of gasification optimisation and hot catalytic gas cleaning
Author: Hongrapipat, J.
Saw, W.
Pang, S.
Citation: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2012; 2(4):327-348
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 2190-6815
Statement of
Janjira Hongrapipat, Woei-Lean Saw, Shusheng Pang
Abstract: Ammonia (NH3) is one of the main contaminants in the biomass gasification producer gas, which is undesirable in downstream applications, and thus must be removed. When the producer gas is used in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology, NH3 is the main precursor of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) formed in gas turbine, whereas in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis and in integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) technology, the NH3 gas poisons the catalysts employed. This paper presents a critical review on the recent development in the understanding of the NH3 formation in biomass gasification process and in the NH3 gas cleaning technologies. The NH3 gas concentration in the producer gas can firstly be reduced by the primary measures taken in the gasification process by operation optimisation and using in-bed catalytic materials. Further removal of the NH3 gas can be implemented by the secondary measures introduced in the post-gasification gas-cleaning process. Focus is given on the catalytic gas cleaning in the secondary measures and its advantages are analysed including energy efficiency, impacts on environment and recyclability of the catalyst. Based on the review, the most effective cleaning process is proposed with integration of both the primary and the secondary measures for application in a biomass gasification process.
Keywords: Ammonia removal
Biomass gasification
Gasification optimisation
Hot gas cleaning
Catalytic reactor
Rights: © Springer-Verlag 2012
DOI: 10.1007/s13399-012-0047-1
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Chemical Engineering publications

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