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Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of hCG on early luteal serum progesterone concentrations in PG600-treated gilts
Author: Manjarin, R.
Dominguez, J.
Castro, M.
Alegre, B.
Driancourt, M.
Kirkwood, R.
Citation: Reproduction in Domestic Animals: physiology, pathology, biotechnology, 2008; 45(3):555-557
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0936-6768
Statement of
R Manjarin, JC Dominguez, MJ Castro, B Alegre, MA Driancourt and RN Kirkwood
Abstract: Gilt oestrus and ovulation responses to injection of a combination of equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) (PG600) can be unpredictable, possibly reflecting inadequate circulating LH activity. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of PG600 followed by supplemental hCG on gilt ovarian responses. In experiment 1, 212 Hypor gilts (160 day of age) housed on two farms in Spain received intramuscular (i.m.) injections of PG600 (n = 47), or PG600 with an additional 200 IU hCG injected either concurrently (hCG-0; n = 39), or at 24 h (hCG-24; n = 41) or 48 h (hCG-48; n = 45) after PG600. A further 40 gilts served as non-injected controls. Ovulation responses were determined on the basis of initial blood progesterone concentrations being <1 ng/ml and achieving >5 ng / ml 10 d after the PG600 injection. The incidence of ovulating gilts having progesterone concentrations >30 ng/ml were recorded. During the study period, 10% of control gilts ovulated whereas 85–100% of hormone-treated gilts ovulated. There were no significant differences among hormone groups for proportions of gilts ovulating. The proportions of gilts having circulating progesterone concentrations >30 ng/ml were increased (p ≤ 0.02) in all hCG treated groups compared with the PG600 group. In experiment 2, a total of 76 Hypor gilts at either 150 or 200 days of age were injected with PG600 (n = 18), 400 IU eCG followed by 200 IU hCG 24 h later (n = 20), PG600 followed by 100 IU hCG 24 h later (n = 17), or 400 IU eCG followed by 300 IU hCG 24 h later (n = 21). Blood samples were obtained 10 days later for progesterone assay. There were no effects of treatment or age on incidence of ovulation, but fewer 150-day-old gilts treated with PG600 or 400 IU eCG followed by 200 IU hCG had progesterone concentrations >30 ng / ml. We conclude that hCG treatment subsequent to PG600 treatment will generate a higher circulating progesterone concentration, although the effect is not evident in older, presumably peripubertal, gilts. The mechanism involved and implications for fertility remain to be determined.
Keywords: Animals
Chorionic Gonadotropin
Gonadotropins, Equine
Drug Combinations
Ovulation Induction
Luteal Phase
Rights: © 2008 The Authors
DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01299.x
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications
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