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Type: Journal article
Title: Perinatal mortality and morbidity in a nationwide cohort of 529 688 low-risk planned home and hospital births
Author: de Jonge, A.
van der Goes, B.
Ravelli, A.
Amelink-Verburg, M.
Mol, B.
Nijhuis, J.
Bennebroek Gravenhorst, J.
Buitendijk, S.
Citation: BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2009; 116(9):1177-1184
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 1470-0328
Statement of
A de Jonge, BY van der Goes, ACJ Ravelli, MP Amelink-Verburg, BW Mol, JG Nijhuis, J Bennebroek Gravenhorst, SE Buitendijk
Abstract: Objective: To compare perinatal mortality and severe perinatal morbidity between planned home and planned hospital births, among low-risk women who started their labour in primary care. Design: A nationwide cohort study. Setting: The entire Netherlands. Population: A total of 529 688 low-risk women who were in primary midwife-led care at the onset of labour. Of these, 321 307 (60.7%) intended to give birth at home, 163 261 (30.8%) planned to give birth in hospital and for 45 120 (8.5%), the intended place of birth was unknown. Methods: Analysis of national perinatal and neonatal registration data, over a period of 7 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to control for differences in baseline characteristics. Main outcome measures: Intrapartum death, intrapartum and neonatal death within 24 hours after birth, intrapartum and neonatal death within 7 days and neonatal admission to an intensive care unit. Results: No significant differences were found between planned home and planned hospital birth (adjusted relative risks and 95% confidence intervals: intrapartum death 0.97 (0.69 to 1.37), intrapartum death and neonatal death during the first 24 hours 1.02 (0.77 to 1.36), intrapartum death and neonatal death up to 7 days 1.00 (0.78 to 1.27), admission to neonatal intensive care unit 1.00 (0.86 to 1.16). Conclusions: This study shows that planning a home birth does not increase the risks of perinatal mortality and severe perinatal morbidity among low-risk women, provided the maternity care system facilitates this choice through the availability of well-trained midwives and through a good transportation and referral system.
Keywords: Midwifery; perinatal mortality; pregnancy outcome
Description: Article first published online: 15 APR 2009
Rights: © 2009 The Authors
DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02175.x
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Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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