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Type: Journal article
Title: Fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Australia and New Zealand: are we willing, able, both or neither?
Author: Cundy, T.
Gardener, G.
Andersen, C.
Kirby, C.
McBride, C.
Teague, W.
Citation: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2014; 50(3):226-233
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1034-4810
Statement of
Thomas P Cundy, Glenn J Gardener, Chad C Andersen, Christopher P Kirby, Craig A McBride and Warwick J Teague
Abstract: Aim: An estimated 140 pregnancies are diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in Australia and New Zealand each year, with these fetuses having a less than even chance of 1-year survival. Fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a relatively new technique that offers a prenatal interventional strategy for selective cases of CDH. This is not routinely offered in Australia or New Zealand. The aim of this systematic review is to critically appraise controlled clinical trials investigating the role of FETO in moderate and severe isolated CDH and explore whether this treatment is justified within our region. Methods: A systematic literature search of multiple electronic databases was undertaken, with restrictions to human subjects and controlled clinical trials. Results: Nine relevant studies were identified. No current evidence was found in favour of FETO for moderate severity CDH. For severe CDH, the most recent evidence demonstrates significantly improved survival following FETO performed using contemporary percutaneous minimally invasive techniques. Optimum timing for balloon insertion, removal and occlusion duration remains conjectural. Substantial variation in survival rates observed among control groups highlights the impact of post-natal care in prenatally diagnosed CDH. Conclusion: Until recently, evidence to support a role for FETO in prenatal CDH management was weak. Recently reported and ongoing controlled trials give cause for optimism, with improved FETO safety and increased survival reported for severe CDH cases. Should Australasia embrace FETO for selected CDH cases, a co-ordinated, evidence-informed service should be established under the guidance of experienced international partnerships.
Keywords: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO); fetoscopy
Description: Article first published online: 23 DEC 2013
Rights: © 2013 The Authors
DOI: 10.1111/jpc.12457
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