Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/86569
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Type: Journal article
Title: Public open spaces and walking for recreation: moderation by attributes of pedestrian environments
Author: Sugiyama, T.
Paquet, C.
Howard, N.
Coffee, N.
Taylor, A.
Adams, R.
Daniel, M.
Citation: Preventive Medicine, 2014; 62:25-29
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0091-7435
1096-0260
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Takemi Sugiyama, Catherine Paquet, Natasha J. Howard, Neil T. Coffee, Anne W. Taylor, Robert J. Adams, Mark Daniel
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether attributes of pedestrian environments moderate the relationships between access to public open spaces (POS) and adults' recreational walking. METHODS: Data were collected from participants of the North West Adelaide Health Study in 2007. Recreational walking was determined using self-reported walking frequency. Measures of POS access (presence, count, and distance to the nearest POS) were assessed using a Geographic Information System. Pedestrian environmental attributes included aesthetics, walking infrastructure, barrier/traffic, crime concern, intersection density, and access to walking trails. Regression analyses examined whether associations between POS access and recreational walking were moderated by pedestrian environmental attributes. RESULTS: The sample included 1574 participants (45% men, mean age: 55). POS access measures were not associated with recreational walking. However, aesthetics, walking infrastructure, and access to walking trail were found to moderate the POS-walking relationships. The presence of POS was associated with walking among participants with aesthetically pleasing pedestrian environments. Counter-intuitively, better access to POS was associated with recreational walking for those with poorer walking infrastructure or no access to walking trails. CONCLUSION: Local pedestrian environments moderate the relationships between access to POS and recreational walking. Our findings suggest the presence of complex relationships between POS availability and pedestrian environments.
Keywords: Physical activity; Environment; Park; Effect modification
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020135612
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.01.030
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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