Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/86574
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Type: Journal article
Title: Respiratory cycle-related electroencephalographic changes during sleep in healthy children and in children with sleep disordered breathing
Author: Immanuel, S.
Pamula, Y.
Kohler, M.
Martin, J.
Kennedy, D.
Saint, D.
Baumert, M.
Citation: Sleep, 2014; 37(8):1353-1361
Publisher: Associated Professional Sleep Societies
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0161-8105
1550-9109
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Sarah A. Immanuel, Yvonne Pamula, Mark Kohler, James Martin, Declan Kennedy, David A. Saint, Mathias Baumert
Abstract: STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate respiratory cycle-related electroencephalographic changes (RCREC) in healthy children and in children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) during scored event-free (SEF) breathing periods of sleep. DESIGN: Interventional case-control repeated measurements design. SETTING: Paediatric sleep laboratory in a hospital setting. PARTICIPANTS: Forty children with SDB and 40 healthy, age- and sex-matched children. INTERVENTIONS: Adenotonsillectomy in children with SDB and no intervention in controls. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Overnight polysomnography; electroencephalography (EEG) power variations within SEF respiratory cycles in the overall and frequency band-specific EEG within stage 2 nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, slow wave sleep (SWS), and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Within both groups there was a decrease in EEG power during inspiration compared to expiration across all sleep stages. Compared to controls, RCREC in children with SDB in the overall EEG were significantly higher during REM and frequency band specific RCRECs were higher in the theta band of stage 2 and REM sleep, alpha band of SWS and REM sleep, and sigma band of REM sleep. This between-group difference was not significant postadenotonsillectomy. CONCLUSION: The presence of nonrandom respiratory cycle-related electroencephalographic changes (RCREC) in both healthy children and in children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) during NREM and REM sleep has been demonstrated. The RCREC values were higher in children with SDB, predominantly in REM sleep and this difference reduced after adenotonsillectomy. CITATION: Immanuel SA, Pamula Y, Kohler M, Martin J, Kennedy D, Saint DA, Baumert M. Respiratory cycle-related electroencephalographic changes during sleep in healthy children and in children with sleep disordered breathing.
Keywords: adenotonsillectomy; children; electroencephalogram; respiratory cycle; sleep disordered breathing; sleep stage
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0030007410
DOI: 10.5665/sleep.3930
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110102049
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0663345
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/250369
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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