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Type: Journal article
Title: Regulation of neutrophil apoptosis by TNF-a: requirement for TNFR55 and TNFR75 for induction of apoptois in vitro.
Author: Murray, J.
Barbara, J.
Dunkley, S.
Lopez, A.
Van Ostade, X.
Condliffe, A.
Dransfield, I.
Haslett, C.
Chilvers, E.
Citation: Blood, 1997; 90(7):2772-2783
Publisher: The American Society of Hematology
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0006-4971
Statement of
Joanna Murray, Jeffrey A.J. Barbara, Sarah A. Dunkley, Angel F. Lopez, Xaveer Van Ostade, Alison M. Condliffe, Ian Dransfield, Christopher Haslett, and Edwin R. Chilvers
Abstract: <jats:p>Granulocyte apoptosis is an important mechanism underlying the removal of redundant neutrophils from an inflammatory focus. The ability of many proinflammatory agents to impede this event suggests that such agents act not only in a priming or secretagogue capacity but also increase neutrophil longevity by delaying apoptosis. We have examined whether this hypothesis holds true for all neutrophil priming agents, in particular tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), which has been variably reported to either induce, delay, or have no effect on neutrophil apoptosis. After 20 hours coincubation TNF-α inhibited neutrophil apoptosis; however, more detailed analysis demonstrated its ability to promote apoptosis in a subpopulation of cells at earlier (2 to 8 hours) times. Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe, platelet-activating factor, inositol hexakisphosphate, lipopolysaccharide, leukotriene B4 , and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor all inhibited apoptosis at 6 and 20 hours. The early proapoptotic effect of TNF-α was concentration-dependent (EC50 2.8 ng/mL), abolished by TNF-α neutralizing antibody, and was not associated with any change in cell viability or recovery. Of relevance to the inflamed site, the ability of TNF-α to accelerate apoptosis was lost if neutrophils were primed with 1 μmol/L PAF or aged for 6 hours before TNF-α addition. The TNFR55-selective TNF-α mutants (E146K, R32W-S86T) induced neutrophil apoptosis but with a potency 14-fold lower than wild-type TNF-α. Although the TNFR75-selective mutant (D143F ) did not induce apoptosis, blocking antibodies to both receptor subtypes abolished TNF-α–stimulated apoptosis. Hence, TNF-α has the unique ability to induce apoptosis in human neutrophils via a mechanism where TNFR75 facilitates the dominant TNFR55 death effect. This may be an important mechanism controlling neutrophil longevity and clearance in vivo.</jats:p>
Rights: © 1997 by The American Society of Hematology.
DOI: 10.1182/blood.v90.7.2772.2772_2772_2783
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