Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||Chemostratigraphic implications of spatial variation in the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum carbon isotope excursion, SE Bighorn Basin, Wyoming|
|Citation:||G3: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems: an electronic journal of the earth sciences, 2013; 14(10):4133-4152|
|Publisher:||American Geophysical Union|
|Allison A. Baczynski, Francesca A. McInerney, Scott L. Wing, Mary J. Kraus, Jonathan I. Bloch, Doug M. Boyer, Ross Secord, Paul E. Morse, Henry C. Fricke|
|Abstract:|| The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is marked by a prominent negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE) of 3–5‰ that has a characteristic rapid onset, stable body, and recovery to near pre-CIE isotopic composition. Although the CIE is the major criterion for global correlation of the Paleocene-Eocene boundary, spatial variations in the position and shape of the CIE have not been systematically evaluated. We measured carbon isotope ratios of bulk organic matter (δ13Corg) and pedogenic carbonate (δ13Ccarb) at six PETM sections across a 16 km transect in the SE Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. Bed tracing and high-resolution floral and faunal biostratigraphy allowed correlation of the sections independent of chemostratigraphy. The onset of the CIE in bulk organic matter at all six sections occurs within a single laterally extensive geosol. The magnitude of the CIE varies from 2.1 to 3.8‰. The absolute and relative stratigraphic thickness of the body of the CIE in bulk organic matter varies significantly across the field area and underrepresents the thickness of the PETM body by 30%–80%. The variations cannot be explained by basinal position and instead suggest that δ13Corg values were influenced by local factors such as reworking of older carbon. The stratigraphic thickness and shape of the CIE have been used to correlate sections, estimate timing of biotic and climatic changes relative to the presumed carbon isotope composition of the atmosphere, and calculate rates of environmental and biotic change. Localized controls on δ13Corg values place these inferences in question by influencing the apparent shape and duration of the CIE.|
|Keywords:||Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum; global warming; chemostratigraphy; organic carbon; carbon isotopes; carbon isotope excursion|
|Description:||Article first published online: 2 OCT 2013|
|Rights:||© 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 7|
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.