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Type: Journal article
Title: N-acetylcysteine in combination with nitroglycerin and streptokinase for the treatment of evolving acute myocardial infarction
Author: Arstall, M.
Yang, J.
Stafford, I.
Betts, W.
Horowitz, J.
Citation: Circulation, 1995; 92(10):2855-2862
Publisher: American Heart Association
Issue Date: 1995
ISSN: 0009-7322
Statement of
Margaret A. Arstall, Jeifu Yang, Irene Stafford, W. Henry Betts, John D. Horowit
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been shown to potentiate the effects of nitroglycerin (NTG) and to have antioxidant activity. This is the first study to assess the safety and effect of NAC in the treatment of evolving acute myocardial infarction (AMI).<h4>Methods and results</h4>Patients with AMI received either 15 g NAC infused over 24 hours (n = 20) or no NAC (n = 7), combined with intravenous NTG and streptokinase. Peripheral venous plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione concentrations, and rate of reperfusion (using continuous ST-segment analysis) were measured. Cardiac catheterization was performed between days 2 and 5. No significant adverse events occurred. Less oxidative stress occurred in patients treated with NAC than in patients not receiving NAC (GSH to GSSG ratio 44 +/- 25 versus 19 +/- 13 at 4 hours, P < .05). NAC concentration (mean 172 +/- 79 mumol/L at 4 hours) was correlated to GSH concentration (P = .006). MDA concentrations were lower (P = .001) over the first 8 hours of treatment with NAC. There was a trend toward more rapid reperfusion (median 58 minutes, 95% confidence interval [CI] 48 to 98 minutes versus median 95 minutes, 95% CI 59 to 106 minutes; P = .17) and better preservation of left ventricular function (cardiac index 3.4 +/- 0.8 versus 2.6 +/- 0.27 L.min.m2, P = .009) with NAC treatment.<h4>Conclusions</h4>NAC in combination with NTG and streptokinase appeared to be safe for the treatment of evolving AMI and was associated with significantly less oxidative stress, a trend toward more rapid reperfusion, and better preservation of left ventricular function.
Keywords: Free radicals; reperfusion; myocardial infarction
Rights: © 1995 American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited.
RMID: 0030005018
DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.92.10.2855
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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