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Type: Journal article
Title: Carers' experiences of seeking help for relatives with first-episode psychosis: a systematic review of qualitative evidence
Author: Dawson, S.
Jordan, Z.
Attard, M.
Citation: The JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 2013; 11(11):183-361
Publisher: University of Adelaide
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 2202-4433
Statement of
Suzanne Dawson, Zoe Jordan, Melanie Attard
Abstract: Background Individuals with a first-episode psychosis often have a prolonged and complicated path to accessing appropriate treatment. Research shows carers frequently initiate treatment though often delays remain even after problems have been detected. Qualitative studies have been conducted with the view to explore carers' experiences and inform the exploration of factors contributing to a long duration of untreated illness. Minimising the impact of psychosis for individuals and improving outcomes remain a priority in Clinical Practice Guidelines in many countries. Understanding and improving pathways to care is crucial to this goal. Objectives To synthesize the best available evidence on the lived experience of carers of a relative with a first-episode psychosis and in particular their experience preceding and of seeking help. Inclusion criteria Types of participants Carers of a relative presenting with a first-episode psychosis. Phenomena of interest Carers' experience of a relative with a first-episode psychosis, and in particular their experience preceding and of seeking help from both informal (family and friends) and formal (services) sources. Context Research conducted in any mental health care setting. Types of studies This review considered a wide range of qualitative studies including but not limited to designs such as phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and action research. Search strategy Published and unpublished studies in English from January 1990 to August 2012 were identified by searching various electronic databases. Reference lists of all papers identified through this process were then searched for additional studies. Methodological quality Papers selected for retrieval were assessed by two independent reviewers for methodological validity prior to inclusion in the review using standardised critical appraisal instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument (JBI-QARI). Data collection Data was extracted from identified papers using the standardised data extraction tool from JBI-QARI. The data extracted includes specific details about the phenomena of interest, populations, study methods and outcomes of significance to the review objectives. Data synthesis Research findings were pooled using JBI-QARI. Study findings were rated according to their quality, and categorized on the basis of similarity in meaning. These categories were then subjected to a meta-synthesis to produce a set of synthesized findings. Results Twenty-two studies were identified following appraisal that considered carers' experiences of help-seeking for a relative with a first-episode psychosis. Five synthesized findings were derived from 16 categories and 213 findings. Delays often begin at the stage of illness recognition. The main barriers to seeking help were fear of stigma and reluctance of the ill relative to participate in the process. A crisis and overt psychotic symptoms were the main promoters of active help-seeking and facilitators to accessing services. Service response was often viewed as a barrier to service access. A significant impact on carers of individuals with a psychotic illness was reported during the early stages of illness development, recognition, management and help-seeking. The impact for each family member may differ. Conclusions Delays in accessing appropriate treatment arise at the stages of illness recognition; help-seeking and service response. These areas were found to be interrelated. There was significant impact on carers throughout each of these stages. Various recommendations, particularly regarding clinical practice and education are made based on these findings.
Keywords: Carers; First-episode psychosis; Help-seeking; Qualitative; Systematic review
Rights: © the Authors
DOI: 10.11124/jbisrir-2013-1133
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Translational Health Science publications

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