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Type: Journal article
Title: Mathematical analysis and algorithms for efficiently and accurately implementing stochastic simulations of short-term synaptic depression and facilitation
Author: McDonnell, M.
Mohan, A.
Stricker, C.
Citation: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 2013; 7(APR 2013):58-1-58-14
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1662-5188
Statement of
Mark D. McDonnell, Ashutosh Mohan, and Christian Stricker
Abstract: The release of neurotransmitter vesicles after arrival of a pre-synaptic action potential (AP) at cortical synapses is known to be a stochastic process, as is the availability of vesicles for release. These processes are known to also depend on the recent history of AP arrivals, and this can be described in terms of time-varying probabilities of vesicle release. Mathematical models of such synaptic dynamics frequently are based only on the mean number of vesicles released by each pre-synaptic AP, since if it is assumed there are sufficiently many vesicle sites, then variance is small. However, it has been shown recently that variance across sites can be significant for neuron and network dynamics, and this suggests the potential importance of studying short-term plasticity using simulations that do generate trial-to-trial variability. Therefore, in this paper we study several well-known conceptual models for stochastic availability and release. We state explicitly the random variables that these models describe and propose efficient algorithms for accurately implementing stochastic simulations of these random variables in software or hardware. Our results are complemented by mathematical analysis and statement of pseudo-code algorithms.
Keywords: Short term synaptic dynamics; short term depression; facilitation; stochastic simulation; stochastic synapse; vesicle site model; synaptic plasticity models; short term plasticity
Rights: Copyright © 2013 McDonnell, Mohan and Stricker. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2013.00058
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