Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/87634
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: State-trace analysis can be an appropriate tool for assessing the number of cognitive systems: a reply to Ashby (2014)
Author: Dunn, J.
Kalish, M.
Newell, B.
Citation: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2014; 21(4):947-954
Publisher: Springer US
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1069-9384
1531-5320
Statement of
Responsibility: 
John C. Dunn, Michael L. Kalish, Ben R. Newell
Abstract: Ashby (2014) has argued that state-trace analysis (STA) is not an appropriate tool for assessing the number of cognitive systems, because it fails in its primary goal of distinguishing single-parameter and multiple-parameter models. We show that this is based on a misunderstanding of the logic of STA, which depends solely on nearly universal assumptions about psychological measurement and clearly supersedes inferences based on functional dissociation and the analysis of interactions in analyses of variance. We demonstrate that STA can be used to draw inferences concerning the number of latent variables mediating the effects of a set of independent variables on a set of dependent variables. We suggest that STA is an appropriate tool to use when making arguments about the number of cognitive systems that must be posited to explain behavior. However, no statistical or inferential procedure is able to provide definitive answers to questions about the number of cognitive systems, simply because the concept of a "system" is not defined in an appropriate way.
Keywords: State-trace analysis; Multiple systems; Math modeling; Model evaluation; Categorization
Rights: © Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014
RMID: 0030011118
DOI: 10.3758/s13423-014-0637-y
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP130101535
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110100751
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0878630
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0877510
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.