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|Title:||Mitigating the biodiversity impacts of oil palm development|
|Citation:||CAB Reviews, 2010; 5(19):1-11|
|Betsy Yaap, Matthew J. Struebig, Gary Paoli, and Lian Pin Koh|
|Abstract:||Impacts of oil palm plantation agriculture on biodiversity have proven severe, leading to increased human-wildlife conflict, homogenization of structurally and species diverse ecosystems, and destruction of habitat for globally threatened species. Growing international demand is likely to drive further expansion of this strategic commodity in producer countries. In response, a diverse set of tools and approaches with significant potential to mitigate future impacts have been developed and are being widely applied throughout Southeast Asia, the global centre of palm oil production. This paper aims to profile these mitigation tools, beginning first with a brief review of the documented biodiversity impacts of oil palm, followed by a description of conceptual frameworks for mitigation, and a critique of five emerging mitigation tools: (1) the High Conservation Value (HCV) approach, (2) land-use advocacy, (3) carbon offsets (4), biodiversity banking and (5) enhanced regulation and enforcement. A feature shared by all is the essential role played by civil society in the development and successful implementation of these tools. We conclude by highlighting further research needs and/or activist efforts most likely to yield lasting positive impacts to redirect the location, size and shape of the oil palm 'biodiversity footprint'|
|Keywords:||Biodiversity banking; Biofuel; Carbon offsets; Elaeis guineensis; Forest; High conservation value; Land-use planning|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
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