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Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of 3 weeks of detraining on the resting metabolic rate and body composition of trained males
Author: LaForgia, J.
Withers, R.
Williams, A.
Murch, B.
Chatterton, B.
Schultz, C.
Leaney, F.
Citation: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1999; 53(2):126-133
Issue Date: 1999
ISSN: 0954-3007
Abstract: <h4>Objective</h4>To examine the hypothesis that detraining decreases the resting metabolic rate (RMR) of long-term exercisers.<h4>Design</h4>Eight pairs of subjects were matched for age, mass and training volume. They were then randomly allocated to either a control group (continue normal training) or detraining group (stop normal training but continue activities of daily living).<h4>Setting</h4>Exercise Physiology Laboratory, The Flinders University of South Australia.<h4>Subjects</h4>Sixteen male subjects (age 23.1 +/- 4.7 y (s.d.); mass 73.73 +/- 8.9 kg; VO2max 60.2 +/- 6.3 ml. kg-1.min-1; height 180.3 +/- 5.0 cm; body fat 14.6 +/- 5.4%) were selected from a pool of respondents to our advertisements.<h4>Interventions</h4>Each pair of subjects was measured before and after a 3-week experimental period.<h4>Results</h4>Two (groups) x 3 (2-, 3-and 4-compartment body composition models) ANOVAs were conducted on the difference between the pre- and post-treatment scores for percentage body fat, fat-free mass (FFM) and relative RMR ( FFM-1.h-1). No significant between-group differences were identified except for the detraining group's small decrease in FFM (0.7 kg, P = 0.05). The main effects for body composition model were all significant; but the overall differences between the multicompartment models and the 2-compartment one were less than their technical errors of measurement. No significant interaction (P = 0.51) resulted from a 2 x 2 ANOVA on the pre- and post-treatment absolute RMR data for the control (315.2 and 311.9 kJ/h) and detraining groups (325.4 and 325.5 kJ/h).<h4>Conclusions</h4>3-weeks detraining is not associated with a decrease in RMR (kJ/h, FFM-1.h-1) in trained males; hence, our data do not support a potentiation of the RMR via exercise training. The greater sensitivity of the multicompartment models to detect changes in body composition was of marginal value.
Keywords: Humans
Basal Metabolism
Calorimetry, Indirect
Analysis of Variance
Body Composition
Models, Biological
Rights: © 1999 Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600689
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