Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorSoebarto, Veronica Irawatien
dc.contributor.advisorWilliamson, Terence Johnen
dc.contributor.authorMenadue, Vanessa Rachelen
dc.description.abstractBuildings labelled as ‘green’ bring with them high expectations, particularly in the commercial office sector. It is commonly accepted that ‘green’ buildings are designed, constructed and operated with the specific objectives of efficient use of resources: energy, water and materials, reducing negative impact on the environment, and also provide comfortable and healthy internal environments which result in high levels of occupant satisfaction and related productivity. In theory these ‘green’ intentions are predicted to bring positive results; however, whether in reality this is always the case is open to question. Unfortunately research into how ‘green’ commercial office buildings are actually performing is limited due to the relatively recent nature of this building type and the private and restrictive culture of commercial building management. This research aims to determine whether commercial office buildings whose designs follow ‘green’ principles or have been assessed by a widely accepted environmental assessment tool are outperforming non green (or conventional) buildings in terms of their environmental performance, specifically in energy and water use and in their ability to provide occupant satisfaction. The research focuses on nine commercial office buildings located in the City of Adelaide, South Australia with approximately 135,000 m2 of net lettable floor area. The research was based on post occupancy evaluation involving evaluation of building design, energy (base building and tenancies) and water consumption, monitoring of the internal building environment including temperature, relative humidity and lighting levels, as well as surveying the building occupants to assess perceived thermal, visual and aural comforts, and also perceived health and productivity. Analyses took place in two stages with the first stage involving the analyses of the individual aspects and the second stage correlating these aspects to develop a model of user satisfaction for the assessment of green building performance. Results show that ‘green’ buildings are meeting only some of the initial expectations. For example the ‘green’ buildings demonstrated considerable energy savings; in most cases they consumed less than half of the energy of the conventional buildings. Tenancy energy use was, however, independent of the building and was influenced by the organisations’ and occupants’ requirements with the results showing that tenancies in the ‘green’ buildings had similar and in some cases higher energy consumption levels than the tenancies in the conventional buildings. The occupant satisfaction survey showed that ‘green’ buildings designed for a known occupant fared significantly better in all areas than ‘green’ buildings designed under speculative conditions which received similar responses in the areas of comfort, health and productivity to the non green buildings. Despite the expected improvements in the buildings claiming to be ‘green’, temperature in winter and summer, as well as lighting and noise problems remain the key issues for the occupants. Although being in a ‘new’ space can have a positive effect on occupants, it is evident from this research that in general, little improvement of occupant satisfaction is actually seen in ‘green’ buildings, with their open plan work spaces and large glazed facades in fact exacerbating problems for the occupants. This research is this first comprehensive independent study in Australia of green buildings where the holistic approach adopted in the study has refined the post occupancy evaluation methodology bringing together multiple aspects; building design, resource consumption, measurements of internal environments and occupant satisfaction, acknowledging that it is essential for all of these aspects to be optimised for the longevity of ‘green’ buildings. It is expected that the implementation of the concluding recommendations, particularly those related to thermal, aural and visual issues will lead to happier and healthier occupants, more effective green buildings and contribute to the sustainability of the built environment.en
dc.subjectgreen buildings; commercial office buildings; post occupancy evaluation; occupant satisfaction; performance assessmenten
dc.titleGreen commercial office buildings: environmental performance and user perceptions.en
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Architecture and Built Environmenten
dc.provenanceThis electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Architecture and Built Environment, 2014en
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01front.pdf95.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02main.pdf15.79 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
03AppendixA-G.pdf12.9 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
04AppendixH_Part1.pdf16.88 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
05AppendixH_Part2.pdf14.14 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
06AppendixI.pdf10.47 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
07AppendixJ_Part1.pdf17.01 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
08AppendixJ_Part2.pdf15.14 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only277.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only15.65 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only100.02 MBUnknownView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.