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Type: Journal article
Title: The pressure distribution of cerebrospinal fluid responds to residual compression and decompression in an animal model of acute spinal cord injury
Author: Jones, C.
Newell, R.
Lee, J.
Cripton, P.
Kwon, B.
Citation: Spine, 2012; 37(23):E1422-E1431
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0362-2436
Statement of
Claire F. Jones, Robyn S. Newell, Jae H. T. Lee, Peter A. Cripton, and Brian K. Kwon
Abstract: STUDY DESIGN: In vivo large animal (pig) model study of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressures after acute experimental spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE: To determine how the CSF pressure (CSFP) and CSF pulse pressure amplitude (CSFPPA) cranial and caudal to the injury site change after an acute SCI with subsequent thecal occlusion and decompression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lowering intrathecal pressure via CSF drainage is currently instituted to prevent ischemia-induced SCI during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm surgery and was recently investigated as a potential intervention for acute traumatic SCI. However, in SCI patients, persistent extradural compression commonly occludes the subarachnoid space. This may generate a CSFP differential across the injury site, which cannot be appreciated with lumbar catheter pressure measurements. METHODS: Anesthetized pigs were subjected to an acute contusive SCI at T11 and 8 hours of sustained compression (n = 12), or sham surgery (n = 2). CSFP was measured cranial and caudal to the injury site, using miniature pressure transducers, during compression and for 6 hours after decompression. RESULTS: The cranial-caudal CSFP differential increased (mean, 0.39 mm Hg/h), predominantly due to increased cranial pressure. On decompression, cranial CSFP decreased (mean, -1.16 mm Hg) and caudal CSFP increased (mean, 0.65 mm Hg). The CSFP differential did not change significantly after decompression. Cranial CSFPPA was greater than caudal CSFPPA, but this differential did not change during compression. On decompression, the caudal CSFPPA increased in some but not all animals. CONCLUSION: Although extradural compression exists at the site of injury, lumbar CSFP may not accurately indicate CSFP cranial to the injury. Decompression may provide immediate, though perhaps partial, resolution of the pressure differential. CSFPPA was not a consistent indicator of decompression in this animal model. These findings may have implications for the design of future clinical protocols in which CSFP is monitored after acute SCI.
Keywords: animal model; cerebrospinal fluid; decompression; pressure; pulse pressure amplitude; spinal cord injury
Rights: © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
RMID: 0030008118
DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31826ba7cd
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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