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|Title:||Association of moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms with incident type 2 diabetes and heart disease|
|Citation:||Journal of Urology, 2015; 193(2):581-586|
|Varant Kupelian, Andre B. Araujo, Gary A. Wittert, John B. McKinlay|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests a possible link between lower urinary tract symptoms and chronic illnesses. We determined whether lower urinary tract symptoms are associated with incident type 2 diabetes and heart disease in a population based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BACH is a population based epidemiological survey of urological symptoms. A multistage, stratified, cluster sample design was used to obtain a random sample of 4,144 men and women 30 to 79 years old at baseline. Median followup was 4.8 years between baseline (2002 to 2005) and followup (2006 to 2010). Type 2 diabetes and heart disease were assessed by self-report. Lower urinary tract symptoms were assessed by the AUA-SI, and voiding and storage subscores. Logistic regression was used to estimate the OR and 95% CI, and adjust for potential confounders. RESULTS: In participants with a body mass index of 30 kg/m(2) or greater the adjusted ORs for incident heart disease were 1.89 (95% CI 1.05, 3.39) for AUA-SI 8 or greater and 2.32 (95% CI 1.33, 4.05) for a storage score of 4 or greater. In participants with abdominal obesity the adjusted ORs for incident type 2 diabetes were 2.06 (95% CI 1.19, 3.55) for AUA-SI 8 or greater and 1.81 (95% CI 1.04, 3.15) for a storage score of 4 or greater. Lower urinary tract symptoms (AUA-SI 8 or greater) were also predictive of type 2 diabetes in men and women younger than 50 years (adjusted OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.18, 4.80). CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal results of BACH suggest that lower urinary tract symptoms are a marker of increased risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease in obese men and women. The increased risk in younger men and women suggests that lower urinary tract symptoms may be an indicator of impending disease.|
|Keywords:||diabetes mellitus; heart diseases; lower urinary tract symptoms; risk; type 2; urinary tract|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2015 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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