Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/90184
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dc.contributor.authorTrahair, L.en
dc.contributor.authorHorowitz, M.en
dc.contributor.authorMarathe, C.en
dc.contributor.authorLange, K.en
dc.contributor.authorStandfield, S.en
dc.contributor.authorRayner, C.en
dc.contributor.authorJones, K.en
dc.date.issued2014en
dc.identifier.citationPhysiological Reports, 2014; 2(11):e12204-1-e12204-10en
dc.identifier.issn2051-817Xen
dc.identifier.issn2051-817Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/90184-
dc.description.abstractThe majority of studies relating to the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) have not taken gastric emptying (GE), which exhibits a substantial inter-individual variation, into account. We sought to evaluate the impact of GE, on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to a 75-g oral glucose load in older subjects with normal and impaired glucose tolerance. Eighty-seven healthy 'older' subjects (47F, 40M; age 71.0 ± 0.5 year) were given a drink comprising of 75-g glucose and 150 mg C(13)-acetate made up to 300 mL with water on a single occasion. Exhaled breath was obtained for analysis of (13)CO2 and calculation of the 50% GE time (T50). Blood glucose, serum insulin and plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) were measured, and the insulin sensitivity index (ISI), and the disposition index (DI), were calculated. Thirty-one subjects had normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 46 had impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Blood glucose at t = 60 min and t = 120 min were related inversely to ISI (P < 0.001) and DI P < 0.001). The rise in blood glucose at t = 60 min was related inversely to the T50 in all subjects (P < 0.01), and those with IGT (P < 0.001), but not NGT. There were no significant relationships between the blood glucose at t = 120 min with the T50, but in both groups the change in blood glucose from baseline at t = 180 min was related (NGT: P < 0.001; IGT: P < 0.001) to the T50. We conclude that in NGT and IGT, the effect of GE on both the 'early' and 'late' glycemic responses to a 75-g oral glucose load is complementary to that of insulin sensitivity.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityLaurence G. Trahair, Michael Horowitz, Chinmay S. Marathe, Kylie Lange, Scott Standfield, Christopher K. Rayner, Karen L. Jonesen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American Physiological Society and The Physiological Society.en
dc.rights© 2014 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American Physiological Society and The Physiological Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectGastric emptying; glucose; IGT; insulin; insulin sensitivity; OGTT; older subjectsen
dc.titleImpact of gastric emptying to the glycemic and insulinemic responses to a 75-g oral glucose load in older subjects with normal and impaired glucose toleranceen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0030016751en
dc.identifier.doi10.14814/phy2.12204en
dc.identifier.pubid160938-
pubs.library.collectionMedicine publicationsen
pubs.library.teamDS08en
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidHorowitz, M. [0000-0002-0942-0306]en
dc.identifier.orcidRayner, C. [0000-0002-5527-256X]en
dc.identifier.orcidJones, K. [0000-0002-1155-5816]en
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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