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Type: Journal article
Title: Mycorrhizal responses in wheat: shading decreases growth but does not lower the contribution of the fungal phosphate uptake pathway
Author: Stonor, R.
Smith, S.
Manjarrez, M.
Facelli, E.
Smith, F.
Citation: Mycorrhiza, 2014; 24(6):465-472
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0940-6360
Statement of
Rebecca N. Stonor, Sally E. Smith, Maria Manjarrez, Evelina Facelli, F. Andrew Smith
Abstract: Effects have been investigated of reduced C supply (induced by shade) on arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonisation, mycorrhizal growth responses (MGRs) and on AM-mediated and direct uptake of phosphate (Pi) (using (32)P) in wheat, a plant that does not usually respond positively to AM colonisation. Shading markedly reduced growth and shoot/root dry weight ratios of both AM and non-mycorrhizal wheat, indicating decreased photosynthetic C supply. However, shading had very little effect on percent root length colonised by Rhizophagus irregularis or Gigaspora margarita or on MGRs, which remained slightly positive or zero, regardless of shade; there were no growth depressions under shade. By 6 weeks, when the contributions of the AM pathway were measured with (32)P supplied in small hyphal compartments, R. irregularis had supplied 23 to 28% of shoot P with no significant effect of shading. Data show that reduced C availability did not reduce the contribution of the AM pathway to plant P, so the fungi were not acting physiologically as parasites. These results support our previous hypothesis that lack of positive MGR is not necessarily the outcome of excessive C use by the fungi or failure to deliver P via the AM pathway.
Keywords: Mycorrhizal growth response; Plant phosphate nutrition; Rhizophagus irregularis; Gigaspora margarita; Mycorrhizal resource exchange
Rights: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014
DOI: 10.1007/s00572-014-0556-9
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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