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|Title:||Entrainment and advection of larval sardine, Sardinops sagax, by the East Australian Current and retention in the western Tasman Front|
|Citation:||Fisheries Oceanography, 2014; 23(6):554-567|
|Thomas J. Mullaney, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Elizabeth C. Heagney, and Iain M. Suthers|
|Abstract:||The poleward flowing East Australian Current (EAC) drives sporadic upwelling, entrains coastal water and forms the western Tasman Front (wTF), creating a mosaic of water types and larval transport routes along south eastern Australia. The spatial distribution, otolith chemistry and growth rates of larval sardine (Sardinops sagax) were examined to infer spawning location and larval transport. A gradient of increasing larval size from north to south along the shelf was not detected but was evident between the shelf and offshore in the wTF. Here larvae were larger and older. Based on the occurrence of newly hatched larvae, spawning by S. sagax between southern Queensland and mid New South Wales (NSW) was more extensive than previously reported. The otolith chemistry from two wTF larval size classes differed, implying different origins. The otolith chemistry of wTF post-flexion larvae was similar to larvae from northern NSW, whereas wTF flexion larvae were similar to larvae observed nearby from mid-NSW. Two possible larval transport routes, direct and indirect, are inferred from otolith chemistry, current velocities and a previously published particle tracking study. Either larvae from northern NSW were advected south and entrained with younger larvae directly into the wTF, or larvae from a range of shelf regions were advected around the southern edge of an anticyclonic eddy, to join younger larvae directly entrained into the wTF. Based on the co-occurrence of larval ages and sizes in the wTF and their advection routes, the wTF appears to be an important larval retention zone.|
|Keywords:||East Australian Current; entrainment; larval transport; retention; sardine; Sardinops sagax; western Tasman Front|
|Rights:||© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
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