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dc.contributor.authorBryant, R.-
dc.contributor.authorNickerson, A.-
dc.contributor.authorCreamer, M.-
dc.contributor.authorO'Donnell, M.-
dc.contributor.authorForbes, D.-
dc.contributor.authorGalatzer-Levy, I.-
dc.contributor.authorMcFarlane, A.-
dc.contributor.authorSilove, D.-
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Psychiatry, 2015; 206(5):417-423-
dc.description.abstractBackground Traumatic injuries affect millions of patients each year, and resulting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) significantly contributes to subsequent impairment. Aims To map the distinctive long-term trajectories of PTSD responses over 6 years by using latent growth mixture modelling. Method Randomly selected injury patients (n = 1084) admitted to four hospitals around Australia were assessed in hospital, and at 3, 12, 24 and 72 months. Lifetime psychiatric history and current PTSD severity and funxctioning were assessed. Results Five trajectories of PTSD response were noted across the 6 years: (a) chronic (4%), (b) recovery (6%), (c) worsening/recovery (8%), (d) worsening (10%) and (e) resilient (73%). A poorer trajectory was predicted by female gender, recent life stressors, presence of mild traumatic brain injury and admission to intensive care unit. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the long-term PTSD effects that can occur following traumatic injury. The different trajectories highlight that monitoring a subset of patients over time is probably a more accurate means of identifying PTSD rather than relying on factors that can be assessed during hospital admission.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityRichard A. Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O’Donnell, David Forbes, Isaac Galatzer-Levy, Alexander C. McFarlane and Derrick Silove-
dc.publisherThe Royal College of Psychiatrists-
dc.rights© The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2015-
dc.subjectBrain Injuries-
dc.subjectSeverity of Illness Index-
dc.subjectRisk Factors-
dc.subjectFollow-Up Studies-
dc.subjectLife Change Events-
dc.subjectStress Disorders, Post-Traumatic-
dc.subjectMiddle Aged-
dc.subjectYoung Adult-
dc.titleTrajectory of post-traumatic stress following traumatic injury: 6-year follow-up-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidMcFarlane, A. [0000-0002-3829-9509]-
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