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|Title:||Suppression of neutrophil superoxide generation by BNP is attenuated in acute heart failure: a case for 'BNP resistance'|
|Citation:||European Journal of Heart Failure, 2015; 17(5):475-483|
|Publisher:||John Wiley and Sons|
|Saifei Liu, Doan T.M. Ngo, Cher-Rin Chong, Anjalee T. Amarasekera, Nathan E.K. Procter, Giovanni Licari, Rustem F. Dautov, Simon Stewart, Yuliy Y. Chirkov, and John D. Horowitz|
|Abstract:||AIMS: The release of the B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is increased in heart failure (HF), a condition associated with oxidative stress. BNP is known to exert anti-inflammatory effects including suppression of neutrophil superoxide (O2 (-) ) release. However, BNP-based restoration of homeostasis in HF is inadequate, and the equivocal clinical benefit of a recombinant BNP, nesiritide, raises the possibility of attenuated response to BNP. We therefore tested the hypothesis that BNP-induced suppression of neutrophil O2 (-) generation is impaired in patients with acute HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We have recently characterized suppression of neutrophil O2 (-) generation (PMA- or fMLP-stimulated neutrophil burst) by BNP as a measure of its physiological activity. In the present study, BNP response was compared in neutrophils of healthy subjects (n = 29) and HF patients (n = 45). Effects of BNP on fMLP-induced phosphorylation of the NAD(P)H oxidase subunit p47phox were also evaluated. In acute HF patients, the suppressing effect of BNP (1 µmol/L) on O2 (-) generation was attenuated relative to that in healthy subjects (P < 0.05 for both PMA and fMLP). Analogously, BNP inhibited p47phox phosphorylation in healthy subjects but not in HF patients (P < 0.05). However, O2 (-) -suppressing effects of the cell-permeable cGMP analogue (8-pCPT-cGMP) were preserved in acute HF. Conventional HF treatment for 5 weeks partially restored neutrophil BNP responsiveness (n = 25, P < 0.05), despite no significant decrease in plasma NT-proBNP levels. CONCLUSIONS: BNP inhibits neutrophil O2 (-) generation by suppressing NAD(P)H oxidase assembly. This effect is impaired in acute HF patients, with partial recovery during treatment.|
|Keywords:||BNP; Acute heart failure; Redox stress; Superoxide|
|Rights:||© 2014 The Authors. European Journal of Heart Failure © 2015 European Society of Cardiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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