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|Title:||Oocyte induction of EGF responsiveness in somatic cells is associated with the acquisition of porcine oocyte developmental competence|
|Citation:||Endocrinology, 2015; 156(6):2299-2312|
|Lesley J. Ritter, Satoshi Sugimura, and Robert B. Gilchrist|
|Abstract:||Oocytes progressively acquire the competence to support embryo development as oogenesis proceeds with ovarian folliculogenesis. The objectives of this study were to investigate oocyte-secreted factor (OSF) participation in the development of somatic cell epidermal growth factor (EGF) responsiveness associated with oocyte developmental competence. A well-established porcine model was employed using oocytes from small (<4 mm) vs medium sized (>4 mm) antral follicles, representing low vs moderate developmental competence, respectively. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were treated in vitro with inducers of oocyte maturation, and cumulus cell functions and oocyte developmental competence were assessed. COCs from small follicles responded to FSH but, unlike COCs from larger follicles, were incapable of responding to EGF family growth factors known to mediate oocyte maturation in vivo, exhibiting perturbed cumulus expansion and expression of associated transcripts (HAS2 and TNFAIP6). Low and moderate competence COCs expressed equivalent levels of EGF receptor (EGFR) mRNA; however, the former had less total EGFR protein leading to failed activation of phospho-EGFR and phospho-ERK1/2, despite equivalent total ERK1/2 protein levels. Native OSFs from moderate, but not from low, competence oocytes established EGF responsiveness in low competence COCs. Four candidate recombinant OSFs failed to mimic the actions of native OSFs in regulating cumulus expansion. Treatment with OSFs and EGF enhanced oocyte competence but only of the low competence COCs. These data suggest that developmental acquisition by the oocyte of capacity to regulate EGF responsiveness in the oocyte's somatic cells is a major milestone in the oocyte's developmental program and contributes to coordinated oocyte and somatic cell development.|
|Keywords:||Oocytes; Animals; Swine; Epidermal Growth Factor; Follicle Stimulating Hormone; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; Blotting, Western; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Female; Cumulus Cells|
|Rights:||Copyright ©2015 by the Endocrine Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics publications|
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