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Type: Thesis
Title: Development of textural differentiation in soils: a quantitative analysis
Author: Bald, M.
Issue Date: 2012
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: A soil profile exhibiting strong textural differentiation between surface and subsurface horizons at Keyneton, South Australia, was sampled for quantitative and qualitative analyses of the processes responsible for development. From constant resistant mineral ratios throughout the profile it was concluded that the soil had formed from uniform parent material, suggesting that pedological processes had heavily influenced formation. Particle size distribution, clay mineralogy determined by XRD, and microstructural features indicated that clay accumulation in the subsurface was accompanied by a greater intensity of weathering in the surface horizons. The presence of void argillans in the B horizon provided strong evidence for the translocation of clay. Mass balance calculations showed significant volumetric expansion and mass gain throughout the entire profile, but greatest in the B horizons. Al, Fe, Na and Si were all gained in large quantities. The results indicate that clay translocation by illuviation is a dominant process in the development of textural differentiation, with some clay likely to have formed in situ.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical cinches, 2012
Where: Kanmantoo Province, Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia
Keywords: Honours; Geology; Alfisol; Natric Palexeralf; texture contrast soil; duplex; red-brown earth; pedogenesis; clay translocation; eluviation; illuviation; weathering; mass balance
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