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Type: Journal article
Title: Identification of two novel loss-of-function SIM1 mutations in two overweight children with developmental delay
Author: Montagne, L.
Raimondo, A.
Delobel, B.
Duban-Bedu, B.
Noblet, F.
Dechaume, A.
Bersten, D.
Meyre, D.
Whitelaw, M.
Froguel, P.
Bonnefond, A.
Citation: Obesity, 2014; 22(12):2621-2624
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1930-7381
Statement of
Louise Montagne, Anne Raimondo, Bruno Delobel, Bénédicte Duban-Bedu, Fanny Stutzmann Noblet, Aurélie Dechaume, David C. Bersten, David Meyre, Murray L. Whitelaw, Philippe Froguel, and Amélie Bonnefond
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Several deletions of chromosome 6q, including SIM1, were reported in obese patients with developmental delay. Furthermore, rare loss-of-function SIM1 mutations were shown to contribute to severe obesity, yet the role of these mutations in developmental delay remained unclear. Here, SIM1 in children with neurodevelopmental abnormalities was screened and the functional effect of the identified mutations was investigated. METHODS: SIM1 was sequenced in 283 children presenting with developmental delay and at least overweight. The effect of the identified mutations on SIM1 transcriptional activity in stable human cell lines was assessed using luciferase gene reporter assays. RESULTS: Two novel mutations (c.886A>G/p.R296G and c.925A>G/p.S309G) in two boys with variable degrees of cognitive deficits and weight issues were identified. The child mutated for p.R296G presented with a generally more severe phenotype than the p.S309G carrier (obesity, compulsive eating, neonatal hypotonia versus overweight only), while both mutations had strong loss-of-function effects on SIM1 transcriptional activity. CONCLUSIONS: Severe loss-of-function SIM1 mutations can be associated with a spectrum of developmental delay phenotypes and obesity. Our data suggest that SIM1 sequencing should be performed more systematically in patients with developmental delay, even in the absence of severe obesity. These results deserve further SIM1 screening studies.
Keywords: Humans
Obesity, Morbid
Repressor Proteins
DNA Mutational Analysis
Developmental Disabilities
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
Transcriptional Activation
Description: Article first published online: 19 SEP 2014
Rights: © 2014 The Obesity Society
DOI: 10.1002/oby.20886
Grant ID: ARC
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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