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Type: Journal article
Title: Experimental investigation of the cell survival in dose cold spot
Author: Sjostedt, S.
Bezak, E.
Marcu, L.
Citation: Acta Oncologica, 2014; 53(1):16-24
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0284-186X
Statement of
Svetlana Sjostedt, Eva Bezak and Loredana Marcu
Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of intercellular contact during radiation exposure on cell survival in regions of reduced dose. Methods. The PC3 human prostate adenocarcinoma cell line was irradiated using a 6 MV x-ray beam to assess clonogenic cell deaths with the specific aim to investigate cell survival in a dose cold spot. Radiation-induced cell survival in a 20% lower dose region, compared to that of cells receiving 100% of the prescribed dose (2 Gy), was assessed for experimental set-ups when under-irradiated cells were either in direct contact with cells receiving 2 Gy or irradiated separately. In addition, the results were compared against non-irradiated controls. Results. A significant (p < 0.001) decrease in cell survival was found when cells, collocated in the same flask, received either 100% or 80% of the prescribed dose (the dose distribution contained a cold spot of 20% lower dose) compared to non-irradiated cells. However, in the experiment in which the entire flask was exposed to only 80% of the prescribed dose, the mean difference in cell survival compared to non-irradiated control was not significant (p > 0.05). This was contrary to a significant decrease (p < 0.001) in survival of cells receiving 100% of the prescribed dose versus the control. Additionally, significant reduction (p < 0.05) in cell survival was observed for cells which were under-irradiated by 20% but collocated in the same flask with cells receiving 100% dose compared to cells where the entire flask was irradiated with 80% of the prescribed dose. Conclusion. For the given cell line, under existing growing and treatment conditions, the cell survival in the dose cold spot region was significantly lower when under-irradiated cells were in contact with the cells receiving 100% of the prescribed dose compared to survival of cells under-irradiated by the same amount of radiation but treated separately to cells receiving 100% dose.
Keywords: Tumor Cells, Cultured; Humans; Adenocarcinoma; Prostatic Neoplasms; Tumor Stem Cell Assay; Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation; Bystander Effect; Cell Survival; Gamma Rays; Male
Rights: © 2014 Informa Healthcare
RMID: 0030023137
DOI: 10.3109/0284186X.2013.787165
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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