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Type: Journal article
Title: Relationship between ultrasonically detected phasic antral contractions and antral pressure
Author: Hveem, K.
Sun, W.
Hebbard, G.
Horowitz, M.
Doran, S.
Dent, J.
Citation: American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 2001; 281(1):G95-G101
Publisher: Amer Physiological Soc
Issue Date: 2001
ISSN: 0193-1857
Statement of
K. Hveem, W. M. Sun, G. Hebbard, M. Horowitz, S. Doran, and J. Dent
Abstract: The relationships between gastric wall motion and intraluminal pressure are believed to be major determinants of flows within and from the stomach. Gastric antral wall motion and intraluminal pressures were monitored in five healthy subjects by concurrent antropyloroduodenal manometry and transabdominal ultrasound for 60 min after subjects drank 500 ml of clear soup. We found that 99% of antral contractions detected by ultrasound were propagated aborally, and 68% of contractions became lumen occlusive at the site of the ultrasound marker. Of the 203 contractions detected by ultrasound, 53% were associated with pressure events in the manometric reference channel; 86% of contractions had corresponding pressure events detectable somewhere in the antrum. Contractions that occluded the lumen were more likely to be associated with a pressure event in the manometric reference channel (P < 0.01) and to be of greater amplitude (P < 0.01) than non-lumen-occlusive contractions. We conclude that heterogeneous pressure event patterns in the antrum occur despite a stereotyped pattern of contraction propagation seen on ultrasound. Lumen occlusion is more likely to be associated with higher peak antral pressure events.
Keywords: gastric emptying
Description: Published abstract used with permission of the copyright owner. Copyright © 2005 by the American Physiological Society
RMID: 0020011042
DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.2001.281.1.g95
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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