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Type: Journal article
Title: Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic health: outcomes of a 12-month crossover trial
Author: Crichton, G.
Howe, P.
Buckley, J.
Coates, A.
Murphy, K.
Citation: Nutrition and Metabolism, 2012; 9(1):19-1-19-11
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1743-7075
Statement of
Georgina E Crichton, Peter R C Howe, Jonathan D Buckley, Alison M Coates and Karen J Murphy
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A growing body of research suggests that regular consumption of dairy foods may counteract obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome. However, human intervention trials are lacking. We aimed to determine the cardiometabolic health effects of increasing the consumption of reduced fat dairy foods in adults with habitually low dairy intakes in the absence of energy restriction. METHODS: An intervention trial was undertaken in 61 overweight or obese adults who were randomly assigned to a high dairy diet (HD, 4 serves of reduced fat dairy/day) or a low dairy control diet (LD, ≤1 serve/day) for 6 months then crossed over to the alternate diet for a further 6 months. A range of anthropometric and cardiometabolic parameters including body composition, metabolic rate, blood lipids, blood pressure and arterial compliance were assessed at the end of each diet phase. RESULTS: Total energy intake was 1120 kJ/day higher during the HD phase, resulting in slight weight gain during this period. However, there were no significant differences between HD and LD in absolute measures of waist circumference, body weight, fat mass or any other cardiometabolic parameter. CONCLUSION: Recommended intakes of reduced fat dairy products may be incorporated into the diet of overweight adults without adversely affecting markers of cardiometabolic health. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered with the Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12608000538347) on 24th October, 2008.
Keywords: Dairy; Milk; Obesity; Cardiometabolic health
Rights: © 2012 Crichton et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.1186/1743-7075-9-19
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