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|Title:||Effect of clenbuterol on tracheal mucociliary transport in horses undergoing simulated long-distance transportation|
|Citation:||Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2013; 27(6):1523-1527|
|J.L. Norton, K. Jackson, J.W. Chen, R. Boston, and R.D. Nolen-Walston|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is observed in horses after long-distance transportation in association with confinement of head position leading to reduction in tracheal mucociliary clearance rate (TMCR). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Clenbuterol, a beta-2 agonist shown to increase TMCR in the horse, will ameliorate the effects of a fixed elevated head position on large airway contamination and inflammation in a model of long-distance transportation model. ANIMALS: Six adult horses. METHODS: A cross-over designed prospective study. Horses were maintained with a fixed elevated head position for 48 hours to simulate long-distance transport, and treated with clenbuterol (0.8 μg/kg PO q12h) or a placebo starting 12 hours before simulated transportation. TMCR was measured using a charcoal clearance technique. Data were collected at baseline and 48 hours, and included TMCR, tracheal wash cytology and quantitative culture, rectal temperature, CBC, fibrinogen, and serum TNFα, IL-10, and IL-2 levels. There was a 18-21 day washout between study arms, and data were analyzed using regression analysis and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. RESULTS: Tracheal mucociliary clearance rate was significantly decreased after transportation in both treatment (P = .002) and placebo (P = .03) groups. There was a significant effect of treatment on TMCR, with the treatment group showing half the reduction in TMCR compared with the placebo group (P = .002). Other significant differences between before- and after-transportation samples occurred for serum fibrinogen, peripheral eosinophil count, quantitative culture, tracheal bacteria, and degenerate neutrophils, though no treatment effect was found. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Treatment with clenbuterol modestly attenuates the deleterious effects of this long-distance transportation model on tracheal mucociliary clearance.|
|Keywords:||Beta-2 agonist; Pneumonia; Transport; Transportation fever|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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