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Type: Journal article
Title: Geriatric syndromes and depressed mood in lower-income Singaporeans with diabetes: implications for diabetes management and health promotion
Author: Wong, L.
Heng, B.
Ng, C.
Molina, J.
George, P.
Cheah, J.
Citation: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, 2012; 41(2):67-76
Publisher: Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0304-4602
Statement of
Wong LY, Heng BH, Ng CW, Molina JA, George PP, Cheah JT.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the association of geriatric syndromes and depressed mood among respondents with diabetes in a lower income community; and their association with self-management, lifestyle behaviour, and healthcare utilisation. This paper focuses primarily on the 114 respondents with diabetes aged 50+ to inform policy formulation at the community level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot community health assessment was conducted in 4 blocks of 1- and 2-room apartments in Toa Payoh district from July to November 2009. Using a standard questionnaire, interviewers conducted face-to-face interviews with household members on chronic diseases, geriatric syndromes and health-related behaviour. Data were analysed using SPSSv15. RESULTS: A total of 795 respondents were assessed with a response rate of 61.8%. Of 515 (64.8%) aged 50+ analysed in this study, 22.1% reported having diabetes, of whom 31.6% reported being depressed. Respondents with diabetes who reported being depressed had a higher prevalence of geriatric syndromes compared with those non-depressed; i.e. functional decline (30.6% vs 5.1%, P <0.001); falls (33.3% vs 10.3%, P = 0.003); stumbling (30.6% vs 10.3%, P = 0.007); urinary incontinence (33.3% vs 5.1%, P <0.001), progressive forgetfulness (27.8% vs 6.4%, P = 0.002) and poor eyesight (22.2% vs 6.4%, P = 0.014). They were less likely to comply with medications (86.1% vs 97.3%, P = 0.026) and performed exercise (13.9% vs 53.8%, P <0.001). More had hospital admissions (13.9% vs 7.7%); and they had more outpatient visits per person (2.4 visits vs 0.9 visits, P = 0.03) at Specialist Outpatient Clinics. CONCLUSION: Geriatric syndromes were associated with the presence of depressed mood among persons with diabetes in the lower income group. As those with depressed mood had more unfavourable self-management and lifestyle behaviour, and utilise higher healthcare services, diabetes management must take these findings into consideration.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus
Rights: Copyright status unknown
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