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dc.contributor.authorCaughey, G.en
dc.contributor.authorMantzioris, E.en
dc.contributor.authorGibson, R.en
dc.contributor.authorCleland, L.en
dc.contributor.authorJames, M.en
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1996; 63(1):116-122en
dc.description.abstractThe effect of a flaxseed oil-based diet on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) synthesis was examined in healthy volunteers. Use of flaxseed oil in domestic food preparation for 4 wk inhibited TNF alpha and IL-1 beta production by approximately 30%. Fish-oil supplementation (9 g/d) continued for a further 4 wk; TNF alpha and IL-1 beta synthesis were inhibited by 74% and 80%, respectively. There was a significant inverse exponential relation between TNF alpha or IL-1 beta synthesis and mononuclear cell content of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an n--3 fatty acid derived from ingested EPA (fish oil) or metabolism of ingested alpha-linolenic acid (flaxseed oil). Cytokine production decreased as cellular EPA increased to approximately 1% of total fatty acids. Further increases in EPA content did not result in further decreases in cytokine production. The results indicate that vegetable oils rich in n--3 fatty acids inhibit TNF alpha and IL-1 beta synthesis.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityGillian E Caughey, Evangeline Mantzioris, Robert A Gibson, Leslie G Cleland, and Michael J Jamesen
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Clinical Nutritionen
dc.rights© 1996 by The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Incen
dc.subjectflaxseed oil; monocytesen
dc.titleThe effect on human tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β production of diets enriched in n-3 fatty acids from vegetable oil or fish oilen
dc.title.alternativeThe effect on human tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1beta production of diets enriched in n-3 fatty acids from vegetable oil or fish oilen
dc.typeJournal articleen
pubs.library.collectionAgriculture, Food and Wine publicationsen
dc.identifier.orcidCaughey, G. [0000-0003-1192-4121]en
dc.identifier.orcidGibson, R. [0000-0002-8750-525X]en
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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