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|Title:||Erythromycin improves gastric emptying in critically ill patients intolerant of nasogastric feeding|
De Nichilo, D.
|Citation:||Critical Care Medicine, 2000; 28(7):2334-2337|
|Publisher:||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Chapman, Marianne J.; Fraser, Robert J.; Kluger, Michal T.; Buist, Michael D.; De Nichilo, Daniela J.|
|Abstract:||<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the effect of intravenous erythromycin on gastric emptying and the success of enteral feeding in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients with large volume gastric aspirates.<h4>Design</h4>Prospective, double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial.<h4>Setting</h4>General intensive care unit in a university hospital.<h4>Patients</h4>Twenty critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients intolerant of nasogastric feeding (indicated by a residual gastric volume of > or =250 mL during feed administration at > or =40 mL/hr).<h4>Interventions</h4>After a gastric aspirate of > or =250 mL, which was discarded, the enteral feeding was continued at the previous rate for 3 hrs. Intravenous erythromycin (200 mg) or placebo was then administered over 20 mins. The residual gastric contents were again aspirated and the volume was recorded 1 hr after the infusion began.<h4>Measurements and main results</h4>Gastric emptying was calculated as volume of feed infused into the stomach over 4 hrs minus the residual volume aspirated. Mean gastric emptying was 139+/-37 (+/-SEM) mL after erythromycin and -2+/-46 mL after placebo (p = .027). Nasogastric feeding was successful in nine of ten patients treated with erythromycin and five of ten who received placebo 1 hr after infusion (chi-square p = .05).<h4>Conclusion</h4>In critically ill patients who have large volumes of gastric aspirates indicating a failure to tolerate nasogastric feeding, a single small dose of intravenous erythromycin allows continuation of feed in the short term.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Erythromycin; Gastrointestinal Agents; Respiration, Artificial; Enteral Nutrition; Critical Care; Infusions, Intravenous; APACHE; Double-Blind Method; Intubation, Gastrointestinal; Gastric Emptying; Middle Aged; Female; Male|
|Rights:||Copyright: © 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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