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Type: Journal article
Title: Characterization of primary afferent spinal innervation of mouse uterus
Author: Herweijer, G.
Kyloh, M.
Dodds, K.N.
Spencer, N.J.
Spencer, E
Citation: Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2014; 8(Jul):202-1-202-6
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1662-4548
1662-453X
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Responsibility: 
Geraldine Herweijer, Melinda Kyloh, Elizabeth A. H. Beckett, Kelsi N. Dodds, and Nick J. Spencer
Abstract: The primary afferent innervation of the uterus is incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to identify the location and characteristics of primary afferent neurons that innervate the uterine horn of mice and correlate the different morphological types of putative primary afferent nerve endings, immunoreactive to the sensory marker, calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP). Using retrograde tracing, injection of 5–10 μL of 1,1′-didodecyl-3,3,3,3′-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) into discrete single sites in each uterine horn revealed a biomodal distribution of sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) with peak labeling occurring between T13-L3 and a second smaller peak between L6-S1. The mean cross sectional area of labeled cells was 463 μm2 ± s.e.m. A significantly greater proportion of labeled neurons consisted of small cell bodies (<300 μm2) in the sacral spinal cord (S2) compared with peak labeling at the lumbar (L2) region. In both sections and whole mount preparations, immunohistochemical staining for CGRP revealed substantial innervation of the uterus by CGRP-positive nerve fibers located primarily at the border between the circular and longitudinal muscle layers (N = 4). The nerve endings were classified into three distinct types: “single,” “branching,” or “complex,” that often aligned preferentially in either the circular or longitudinal axis of the smooth muscles. Complex endings were often associated with mesenteric vessels. We have identified that the cell bodies of primary afferent neurons innervating the mouse uterus lie primarily in DRG at L2 and S1 spinal levels. Also, the greatest density of CGRP immunoreactivity lies within the myometrium, with at least three different morphological types of nerve endings identified. These findings will facilitate further investigations into the mechanisms underlying sensory transduction in mouse uterus.
Keywords: uterus; pain; dorsal root ganglion; CGRP; spinal afferent
Rights: Copyright © 2014 Herweijer, Kyloh, Beckett, Dodds and Spencer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00202
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