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Type: Journal article
Title: Risk of death in heart disease is associated with elevated urinary globotriaosylceramide
Author: Schiffmann, R.
Forni, S.
Swift, C.
Brignol, N.
Wu, X.
Lockhart, D.
Blankenship, D.
Wang, X.
Grayburn, P.
Taylor, M.
Lowes, B.
Fuller, M.
Benjamin, E.
Sweetman, L.
Citation: Journal of the American Heart Association, 2014; 3(1):e000394-1-e000394-29
Publisher: American Heart Association
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 2047-9980
Statement of
Raphael Schiffmann, Sabrina Forni, Caren Swift, Nastry Brignol, Xiaoyang Wu, David J. Lockhart, Derek Blankenship, Xuan Wang, Paul A. Grayburn, Matthew R. G. Taylor, Brian D. Lowes, Maria Fuller, Elfrida R. Benjamin, Lawrence Sweetman
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Elevated urinary globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) has been considered a hallmark of Fabry disease, an X-linked lysosomal disorder that is a risk factor for most types of heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We screened 1421 consecutive patients with common forms of heart disease for Fabry disease by measuring urinary Gb3 in whole urine using tandem mass spectrometry, α-galactosidase A activity in dried blood spots, and we looked for GLA mutations by parallel sequencing of the whole gene (exons and introns) in pooled genomic DNA samples followed by Sanger sequencing verification. GLA variants were found in 13 patients. In the 1408 patients without GLA mutations, urinary Gb3 levels were significantly higher in heart disease patients compared to 116 apparently healthy controls (median difference=10.0 ng/mL and P<0.001). Urinary lipid profiling showed that levels of 5 other lipids significantly distinguished between urine of patients with Fabry disease (n=7) and heart disease patients with elevated urinary Gb3 (n=6). Sphingomyelin and Gb3 levels were abnormal in the left ventricular wall of patients with ischemic heart failure. Elevated levels of urinary Gb3 were independently associated with increased risk of death in the average follow-up of 17 months (hazard ratio=1.59 for increase in Gb3 of 200, 95% CI=1.36 and 1.87, and P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In heart disease patients who do not have Fabry disease or GLA gene mutations, a higher level of urinary Gb3 is positively associated with near-term mortality. The elevation of urinary Gb3 and that of other lipids suggests that heart disease is associated with multiorgan lipid abnormalities. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: Unique Identifier: NCT01019629.
Keywords: globotriaosylceramide; heart disease; risk factor; sphingolipids
Rights: © 2014 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
RMID: 0030026081
DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.113.000394
Appears in Collections:Pathology publications

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