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Type: Journal article
Title: A model for assembly and activation of the GM-CSF, IL-3 and IL-5 receptors: insights from activated mutants of the common b subunit
Author: D'Andrea, R.
Gonda, T.
Citation: Experimental Hematology, 2000; 28(3):231-243
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 0301-472X
Abstract: Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), Interleukin-3 (IL-3) and Interleukin-5 (IL-5) have overlapping, pleiotropic effects on hematopoietic cells, including neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and early progenitor cells. The high-affinity receptors for human GM-CSF, IL-3, and IL-5 share a common beta-subunit (hbeta(c)), which is essential for signalling and plays a major role in recruiting intracellular signalling molecules. While activation of the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase JAK2 appears to be the initiating event for signalling, the immediate events that trigger this are still unclear. We have isolated a number of activated mutants of hbeta(c), which can be grouped into classes defined by their state of receptor phosphorylation, their requirement for alpha subunit as a cofactor, and their activities in primary cells and cell lines. We discuss these findings with regard to the stoichiometry, activation, and signalling of the normal GM-CSF/IL-3/IL-5 receptor complexes. Specifically, this work has implications for the role of the ligand-specific alpha-subunits in initiating the signalling through the beta-subunit, the role of beta subunit dimerization as a receptor trigger, and the function of receptor tyrosine phosphorylation in generating growth and survival signals. Based on the properties of the activated mutants and the recent structures of erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) complexes, we propose a model in which (1) activation of hbeta(c) can occur via alternative states that differ with respect to stoichiometry and subunit assembly, but which all mediate proliferative responses, and (2) each of the different classes of activated mutants mimics one of these alternative states.
Keywords: Animals
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Receptors, Interleukin-3
Receptors, Interleukin
Signal Transduction
Amino Acid Sequence
Models, Biological
Models, Molecular
Molecular Sequence Data
Receptors, Interleukin-5
DOI: 10.1016/S0301-472X(99)00159-9
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