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Type: Conference paper
Title: Watchdog: a novel, accurate and reliable method for addressing wandering-off using passive RFID tags
Author: Sankarkumar, R.
Ranasinghe, D.
Citation: 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services, 2014 / pp.208-217
Publisher: ICST
Issue Date: 2014
ISBN: 9781631900396
Conference Name: 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services (MobiQuitous 2014) (02 Dec 2014 - 05 Dec 2014 : London, England)
Statement of
Rengamathi Sankarkumar, Damith Ransinghe
Abstract: Hospitals and residential homes have a significant need for monitoring and recognising wandering-o (e.g. elopement) older people with cognitive impairments because of the serious consequences arising from wandering-o such as disappearances and serious injuries, for example, from collisions with vehicles in parking lots. Due to increasing ageing populations across the globe we can expect wandering-o to become a signi cant problem of scale a ecting all of us. Existing technologies used to address wandering-o are inadequate for providing close supervision as they use proximity based sensing that often lead to false alarms. In this study, for the rst time, we try to mitigate false alarms by identifying the traversal direction and traversal path used by people instrumented with a single low cost batteryless UHF RFID tag. Our approach uses a particle ltering (PF) based technique with Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) maps obtained from scene analysis to continuously track a person wearing an RFID tag over their attire. Using real-time spatial and temporal data obtained from the PF based tracking algorithm, we develop two algorithms: i) tag traversing di rection (TD) algorithm to identify the tag bearer's moving direction (e.g. moving out of a room); and ii) tag traversing path detection algorithm (TPD) to estimate the traversal path used by the tag bearer. Our extensive experiments with 14 young adult volunteers show that: i) our TD algorithm can identify the moving direction of a person with 100% ac- curacy; ii) our TPD algorithm reduces the false alarms to < 9%, when detecting the traversing path used while eloping; and iii) our algorithms can be implemented in a di erent environment without further scene analysis.
Keywords: wandering-off; rfid; tag traversing direction; traversing path detection; particle filter
Rights: Copyright © 2014–2015 ICST
RMID: 0030025011
DOI: 10.4108/icst.mobiquitous.2014.258040
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Appears in Collections:Computer Science publications

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