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Type: Journal article
Title: Episodic photic zone euxinia in the northeastern Panthalassic Ocean during the end-Triassic extinction
Author: Kasprak, A.
Sepulveda, J.
Price-Waldman, R.
Williford, K.
Schoepfer, S.
Haggart, J.
Ward, P.
Summons, R.
Whiteside, J.
Citation: Geology (Boulder), 2015; 43(4):307-310
Publisher: Geological Society of America
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0091-7613
Statement of
Alex H. Kasprak, Julio Sepúlveda, Rosalyn Price-Waldman, Kenneth H. Williford, Shane D. Schoepfer, James W. Haggart, Peter D. Ward, Roger E. Summons, and Jessica H. Whiteside
Abstract: Severe changes in ocean redox, nutrient cycling, and marine productivity accompanied most Phanerozoic mass extinctions. However, evidence for marine photic zone euxinia (PZE) as a globally important extinction mechanism for the end-Triassic extinction (ETE) is currently lacking. Fossil molecular (biomarker) and nitrogen isotopic records from a sedimentary sequence in western Canada provide the first conclusive evidence of PZE and disrupted biogeochemistry in neritic waters of the Panthalassic Ocean during the end Triassic. Increasing water-column stratification and deoxygenation across the ETE led to PZE in the Early Jurassic, paralleled by a perturbed nitrogen cycle and ecological turnovers among noncalcifying groups, including eukaryotic algae and prokaryotic plankton. If such conditions developed widely in the Panthalassic Ocean, PZE might have been a potent mechanism for the ETE.
Rights: © 2015 Geological Society of America
DOI: 10.1130/G36371.1
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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