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|Title:||An early Miocene ant (subfam. Amblyoponinae) from Foulden Maar: the first fossil Hymenoptera from New Zealand|
|Citation:||Alcheringa, 2014; 38(4):568-574|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Uwe Kaulfuss, Anthony C. Harris, John G. Conran & Daphne E. Lee|
|Abstract:||The ant subfamily Amblyoponinae is presently represented in New Zealand by one endemic species in the cosmopolitan genus Stigmatomma and an introduced Australian species of Amblyopone. The fossil record of the group is restricted to two species of Stigmatomma from late Eocene Baltic Amber. Here, we describe the third fossil record, an Amblyopone-like specimen from the early Miocene of Otago, southern New Zealand, based on a winged male that resembles the extant A. australis Erichson in size, general habitus and characters of wing venation, but also shares features with the African amblyoponine genus Zymmer. This represents the first fossil record of Amblyoponinae from the Southern Hemisphere and the first example of Hymenoptera among the few pre-Quaternary insect fossils known from New Zealand. It suggests a long history of Amblyoponinae in New Zealand and Australia.|
|Keywords:||fossil Hymenoptera; Amblyoponinae; Foulden Maar; New Zealand|
|Rights:||© 2014 Association of Australasian Palaeontologists|
|Appears in Collections:||Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications|
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