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Type: Journal article
Title: The influence of soil properties on the water pollution (nitrate, phosphate and COD) following a single application of sewage sludge to 70 contrasting agricultural soils
Author: Soriano-Disla, J.
Gómez, I.
Navarro-Pedreño, J.
Citation: Water, Air and Soil Pollution: an international journal of environmental pollution, 2012; 223(4):1783-1790
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0049-6979
Statement of
J. M. Soriano-Disla, I. Gómez, J. Navarro-Pedreño
Abstract: The aim was to study the influence of soil properties on the leaching of nitrate, phosphate and organic matter (OM) following the application of sewage sludge to contrasting soils. Seventy agricultural soils from different parts of Spain were amended with sewage sludge (50 t dry weight ha−1), and a controlled column study was developed. After 2, 4 and 6 months of incubation, distilled water, equivalent to an autumn rainfall event of 25 l m−2 in Mediterranean environments, was applied and leachates collected and analysed: pH, electrical conductivity (EC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), phosphate and nitrate. The mean values of pH in the leachates after 2, 4 and 6 months were similar and close to the neutrality. The highest concentrations for the rest of the parameters analysed were found after 2 months of incubation and diminished for 4 and 6 months, especially COD. Soil pH and texture were the most relevant soil properties controlling the leaching of the analysed parameters. The OM mineralization seemed to be enhanced at high values of soil pH, thus increasing the nitrate and reducing the COD leaching. However, phosphate levels were reduced at high values of soil pH. In addition, leaching was promoted in sandy soils. Other soil properties influenced phosphate leaching being the equivalent calcium carbonate soil content as the most relevant. Soil organic carbon was negatively related to the EC and nitrate concentration in the leachates but resulting in a weak contribution compared with soil pH and texture. Concerns about nitrate pollution have been confirmed.
Keywords: Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
Sewage sludge
Soil properties
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0983-6
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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