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|Title:||Factors influencing the catalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol using supported phosphine-capped gold nanoparticles|
|Citation:||Catalysis Science and Technology, 2015; 5(2):1323-1333|
|Publisher:||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Rohul H. Adnan, Gunther G. Andersson, Matthew I.J. Polson, Gregory F. Metha and Vladimir B. Golovko|
|Abstract:||Two phosphine-stabilised gold clusters, Au₁₀₁(PPh₃)₂₁Cl₅ and Au₉(PPh₃)₈(NO₃)₃, were deposited and activated on anatase TiO₂ and fumed SiO₂. These catalysts showed an almost complete oxidation of benzyl alcohol (>90%) within 3 hours at 80 °C and 3 bar O₂ in methanol with a high substrate-to-metal molar ratio of 5800 and turn-over frequency of 0.65 s⁻¹. Factors influencing catalytic activity were investigated, including metal–support interaction, effects of heat treatments, chemical composition of gold clusters, the size of gold nanoparticles and catalytic conditions. It was found that the anions present in gold clusters play a role in determining the catalytic activity in this reaction, with NO₃¯diminishing the catalytic activity. High catalytic activity was attributed to the formation of large gold nanoparticles (>2 nm) that coincides with partial removal of ligands which occurs during heat treatment and catalysis. Selectivity towards the formation of methyl benzoate can be tuned by selection of the reaction temperature. The catalysts were characterised using transmission electron microscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy|
|Rights:||This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 7|
Chemistry and Physics publications
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