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Type: Journal article
Title: One-pot fabrication of noble-metal nanoparticles that are encapsulated in hollow silica nanospheres: dual roles of poly(acrylic acid)
Author: Du, X.
Yao, L.
He, J.
Citation: Chemistry: A European Journal, 2012; 18(25):7878-7885
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0947-6539
Statement of
Xin Du, Lin Yao, and Junhui He
Abstract: An efficient and facile one-pot method was developed to fabricate noble-metal nanoparticles (NMNs; Au, Pt, PdO and Ag) that were encapsulated within hollow silica nanospheres (HSNs; NMNs@HSNs) with a size of about 100 nm. NMNs@HSNs were afforded in very high yields between 85–95 %. Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) polyelectrolyte played a dual role in the fabrication process, both as a core template of the HSNs and as a captor of the NMNs through coordination interactions between the COO− groups on the ammonium polyacrylate (APA) polyanionic chains and the empty orbital of the Au atom. The amount of Au loading in Au@HSNs was easily regulated by varying the volume of the HAuCl4 solution added. In addition, these rattle-type particles were successfully applied in the catalytic reduction of 2-nitroaniline (2-NA) as a model reaction, thus indicating that the micropores in the silica shell could achieve the transport of small species—with a size smaller than that of the micropores—into the cavity. Thus, these fabricated NMNs@HSNs have promising applications in catalysis.
Keywords: host–guest systems
noble metals;poly(acrylic acid)
sol–gel processes
Rights: Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201200307
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Chemical Engineering publications

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