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Type: Journal article
Title: The de novo chromosome 16 translocations of two patients with abnormal phenotypes (mental retardation and epilepsy) disrupt the A2BP1 gene
Author: Bhalla, K.
Phillips, H.
Crawford, J.
McKenzie, O.
Mulley, J.
Eyre, H.
Gardner, A.
Kremmidiotis, G.
Callen, D.
Citation: Journal of Human Genetics, 2004; 49(6):308-311
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Tokyo
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 1434-5161
Statement of
Kavita Bhalla, Hilary A. Phillips, Joanna Crawford, Olivia L. D. McKenzie, John C. Mulley, Helen Eyre, Alison E. Gardner, Gabriel Kremmidiotis and David F. Callen
Abstract: The 16p13.3 breakpoints of two de novo translocations of chromosome 16, t(1;16) and t(14;16), were shown by initial mapping studies to have physically adjacent breakpoints. The translocations were ascertained in patients with abnormal phenotypes characterized by predominant epilepsy in one patient and mental retardation in the other. Distamycin/DAPI banding showed that the chromosome 1 breakpoint of the t(1;16) was in the pericentric heterochromatin therefore restricting potential gene disruption to the 16p13.3 breakpoint. The breakpoints of the two translocations were localized to a region of 3.5 and 115 kb respectively and were approximately 900 kb apart. The mapping was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of clones that spanned the breakpoints to metaphase spreads derived from the patients. The mapping data showed both translocations disrupted the ataxin-2- binding protein 1 (A2BP1) gene that encompasses a large genomic region of 1.7 Mb. A2BP1 encodes a protein that is known to interact with the spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) protein. It is proposed that disruption of the A2BP1 gene is a cause of the abnormal phenotype of the two patients. Ninety-six patients with sporadic epilepsy and 96 female patients with mental retardation were screened by SSCP for potential mutations of A2BP1. No mutations were found, suggesting that disruption of the A2BP1 gene is not a common cause of sporadic epilepsy or mental retardation.
Keywords: A2BP1
Chromosome 16
Spinocerebellar ataxia binding protein
De novo translocation
Rights: © The Japan Society of Human Genetics and Springer-Verlag 2004
DOI: 10.1007/s10038-004-0145-4
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